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CALGARY, AB, Jan. 29, 2015/ Troy Media News Wire/ – Government workers in Alberta receive higher wages and likely more generous non-wage benefits than their private sector counterparts, finds a new study by the Fraser Institute, an independent, non-partisan Canadian public policy think-tank.
“As the province grapples with declining oil revenues and yet another possible budget deficit, now is a prudent time to examine the compensation levels of government employees, a key spending item,” said Mark Milke, senior fellow at the Fraser Institute.
Using Statistics Canada’s Labour Force Survey data from January to December 2013, Comparing Government and Private Sector Compensation in Alberta calculates that, on average, government workers in Alberta, including federal, provincial, and local government workers, receive 6.9 per cent higher wages than comparable workers in the private sector. This wage premium accounts for differences in the personal characteristics of workers such as age, gender, marital status, education, tenure, type of work, size of establishment, industry, and occupation. When unionization is accounted for, the government-sector wage premium declines to 4.0 per cent.
But wages are only part of an employee’s total compensation. Non-wage benefits — including pensions, early retirement and job security — can represent an important portion of an overall compensation package. While individual data on these benefits are not readily available in Canada, there are strong indicators that the government sector as a whole also enjoys superior non-wage benefits.
Specific non-wage benefits examined in the study include:
- Pensions: In 2013, 77.7 per cent of government workers in Alberta were covered by a registered pension plan compared to only 21.8 per cent in the private sector. Of those covered, 97.4 per cent of government workers enjoyed defined-benefit pensions (i.e., guaranteeing a certain level of benefits in retirement) compared to 38.9 per cent of private-sector workers.
- Early retirement: Between 2009 and 2013, Alberta government workers retired 1.3 years earlier, on average, than the province’s private-sector workers.
- Job security: In 2013, 2.4 per cent of those employed in the private sector experienced job loss in Alberta, compared to only 0.6 per cent of those employed by government.
- Absence rates: Full-time employees in the province’s private sector were absent due to personal reasons for an average of 7.3 days in 2013; the average government worker was absent 10.5 days.
“Of course, governments need to provide competitive compensation to attract qualified employees but the fact is wages and benefits in the government sector are out of step with the private sector,” said Charles Lammam, Fraser Institute associate director of tax and fiscal policy and study co-author.
“An important way for governments in Alberta to better control spending is by ensuring public-sector compensation broadly reflects private-sector compensation for similar positions.”
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The Fraser Institute is an independent Canadian public policy research and educational organization with offices in Vancouver, Calgary, Toronto, and Montreal and ties to a global network of think-tanks in 87 countries. Its mission is to measure, study, and communicate the impact of competitive markets and government intervention on the welfare of individuals. To protect the Institute’s independence, it does not accept grants from governments or contracts for research. Visit www.fraserinstitute.org
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