References to Why I do not support the Black Lives Matter movement

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Aspinwall, Cary, and Dave Boucher. 2019. “‘You’re Gonna Kill Me!’: Dallas Police Body Cam Footage Reveals the Final Minutes of Tony Timpa’s Life.” The Dallas Morning News, July 30. Available at news/investigations/2019/07/31/you-re-gonna-kill-me-dallas-police-body-cam- footage-reveals-the-final-minutes-of-tony-timpa-s-life/.

Ball, Jared. 2015. “A Short History of Black Lives Matter.” The Real News Network, July 23. Available at

Black Lives Matter. Undated. “About.” Available at https://blacklivesmatter. com/about/.

Black Lives Matter Canada. Undated. “About.” Available at https://blacklives-

Brenan, Megan. 2020. “Amid Pandemic, Confidence in Key U.S. Institutions Surges.” Gallup, August 12. Available at amid-pandemic-confidence-key-institutions-surges.aspx.

Brunson, Rod K. 2020. “Protests Focus on Over-Policing. But Under-Policing is also Deadly.” The Washington Post, June 12. Available at t89lu.

Carter,Ashleigh.2020.“ViralVideoofProtestersHarassingaWomanDiningisFac- ing Backlash.” Now This News, August 26. Available at news/viral-video-of-protesters-harassing-a-woman-dining-is-facing-backlash.

Crabtree, Steve. 2020. “Most Americans Say Policing Needs ‘Major Changes’.” Gallup, July 22. Available at say-policing-needs-major-changes.aspx.

Department of Justice. 2015. “Department of Justice Report Regarding the Criminal Investigation into the Shooting Death of Michael Brown by Fergu- son, Missouri Police Officer Darren Wilson.” Department of Justice. Avail- able at– ments/2015/03/04/doj_report_on_shooting_of_michael_brown_1.pdf.

Department of Justice. 2019. “Bureau of Justice Statistics Releases Results from 2018 National Crime Victimization Survey.” Department of Justice. Available at– es/2019/ojp-news-09102019.pdf.

Dreyfuss, Emily. 2017. “Want to Make a Lie Seem True? Say it Again. And Again.And Again.” Wired, February 11. Available at dont-believe-lies-just-people-repeat/

Edwards, Frank, Hedwig Lee, and Michael Esposito. 2019. “Risk of Being Killed by Police Use of Force in the United States by Age, Race-Ethnicity, and Sex.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 115, 34: 16793-16798. Available at

Garver, Rob. 2020. “Economic Damage form Civil Unrest May Persist for Decades.” Voice of America News, June 2. Available at https:// economic-damage-civil-unrest-may-persist-decades

Harris, Kamala (@VP). 2020. “Lynching isn’t just a part of our past. Ahmaud Arbery was murdered just 3 months ago. And Senator @RandPaul is blocking our bill to make lynching a federal crime” [Tweet]. Twitter, June 5. Available at

Hughes, Coleman. 2019. “The Case for Black Optimism.” Quillette, September 28. Available at

James, LeBron (@KingJames). 2020. “We’re literally hunted EVERYDAY/EV- ERYTIME we step foot outside the comfort of our homes! Can’t even go for a damn jog man! Like WTF man are you kidding me?!?!?!?!?!? No man fr ARE YOU KIDDING ME!!!!! I’m sorry Ahmaud (Rest In Paradise) and my prayers and blessings sent to the..” [Tweet]. Twitter, May 6. Available at

McWhorter, John. 2020. “Racist Police Violence Reconsidered.” Quillette, June 11

Movement for Black Lives. Undated. “Vision for Black Lives.” M4BL. Available at

Ontario Human Rights Commission. 2020. “A Disparate Impact: Second Interim Report on the Inquiry into Racial Profiling and Racial Discrimination of Black Persons by the Toronto Police Service.” Ontario Human Rights Commission, August 10. Available at second-interim-report-inquiry-racial-profiling-and-racial-discrimination-black.

Peeters, Vivian E. 1983. “The Persistence Stereotypic Beliefs: A Cognitive View.” In: NA – Advances in Consumer Research, edited by Richard P. Bagozzi, and Alice M. Tybout. Ann Abor, MI: Association for Consumer Research. Available at

Shjarback, John A., and Justin Nix. 2020. “Considering Violence Against Police by Citizen Race/Ethnicity to Contextualize Representation in Officer-InvolvedShootings.” Journal of Criminal Justice, 66: 101653. Available at https://doi. org/10.1016/j.jcrimjus.2019.101653

Singh, Inayat. 2020. “2020 Already a Particularly Deadly Year for People Killed in Police Encounters, CBC Research Shows.” CBC News, July 23. Available at

Streeter, Shea. 2019. “Lethal Force in Black and White: Assessing Racial Dis- parities in the Circumstances of Police Killings.” The Journal of Politics, 81, 3: 1124-1132. Available at

The Washington Post. 2021. “Fatal Force.” The Washington Post, February 18. Available at police-shootings-database/.

Walcott,.Rianna. 2018..“How.the.Founder.of.Black.Lives.Mat- ter Started a Global Movement.” Dazed, April. Available at black-lives-matter-founder-interview-patrisse-khan-cullors?amp=1.

Wortley, Scot, Ayobami, Laniyonu, Erick Laming. 2020. “Use of Force by the Toronto Police Service Final Report.” Ontario Human Rights Commission, June. Available at by%20the%20Toronto%20Police%20Service%20Final%20report.pdf.

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