References to Why I do not support the Black Lives Matter movement

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Aspinwall, Cary, and Dave Boucher. 2019. “‘You’re Gonna Kill Me!’: Dallas Police Body Cam Footage Reveals the Final Minutes of Tony Timpa’s Life.” The Dallas Morning News, July 30. Available at https://www.dallasnews.com/ news/investigations/2019/07/31/you-re-gonna-kill-me-dallas-police-body-cam- footage-reveals-the-final-minutes-of-tony-timpa-s-life/.

Ball, Jared. 2015. “A Short History of Black Lives Matter.” The Real News Network, July 23. Available at https://therealnews.com/pcullors0722blacklives.

Black Lives Matter. Undated. “About.” Available at https://blacklivesmatter. com/about/.

Black Lives Matter Canada. Undated. “About.” Available at https://blacklives- matter.ca/.

Brenan, Megan. 2020. “Amid Pandemic, Confidence in Key U.S. Institutions Surges.” Gallup, August 12. Available at https://news.gallup.com/poll/317135/ amid-pandemic-confidence-key-institutions-surges.aspx.

Brunson, Rod K. 2020. “Protests Focus on Over-Policing. But Under-Policing is also Deadly.” The Washington Post, June 12. Available at https://archive.vn/ t89lu.

Carter,Ashleigh.2020.“ViralVideoofProtestersHarassingaWomanDiningisFac- ing Backlash.” Now This News, August 26. Available at https://nowthisnews.com/ news/viral-video-of-protesters-harassing-a-woman-dining-is-facing-backlash.

Crabtree, Steve. 2020. “Most Americans Say Policing Needs ‘Major Changes’.” Gallup, July 22. Available at https://news.gallup.com/poll/315962/americans- say-policing-needs-major-changes.aspx.

Department of Justice. 2015. “Department of Justice Report Regarding the Criminal Investigation into the Shooting Death of Michael Brown by Fergu- son, Missouri Police Officer Darren Wilson.” Department of Justice. Avail- able at https://www.justice.gov/sites/default/files/opa/press-releases/attach– ments/2015/03/04/doj_report_on_shooting_of_michael_brown_1.pdf.

Department of Justice. 2019. “Bureau of Justice Statistics Releases Results from 2018 National Crime Victimization Survey.” Department of Justice. Available at https://www.ojp.gov/sites/g/files/xyckuh241/files/archives/pressreleas– es/2019/ojp-news-09102019.pdf.

Dreyfuss, Emily. 2017. “Want to Make a Lie Seem True? Say it Again. And Again.And Again.” Wired, February 11. Available at https://www.wired.com/2017/02/ dont-believe-lies-just-people-repeat/

Edwards, Frank, Hedwig Lee, and Michael Esposito. 2019. “Risk of Being Killed by Police Use of Force in the United States by Age, Race-Ethnicity, and Sex.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 115, 34: 16793-16798. Available at https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1821204116.

Garver, Rob. 2020. “Economic Damage form Civil Unrest May Persist for Decades.” Voice of America News, June 2. Available at https:// www.voanews.com/usa/nation-turmoil-george-floyd-protests/ economic-damage-civil-unrest-may-persist-decades

Harris, Kamala (@VP). 2020. “Lynching isn’t just a part of our past. Ahmaud Arbery was murdered just 3 months ago. And Senator @RandPaul is blocking our bill to make lynching a federal crime” [Tweet]. Twitter, June 5. Available at https://twitter.com/SenKamalaHarris/status/1268992395862999047.

Hughes, Coleman. 2019. “The Case for Black Optimism.” Quillette, September 28. Available at https://quillette.com/2019/09/28/the-case-for-black-optimism/.

James, LeBron (@KingJames). 2020. “We’re literally hunted EVERYDAY/EV- ERYTIME we step foot outside the comfort of our homes! Can’t even go for a damn jog man! Like WTF man are you kidding me?!?!?!?!?!? No man fr ARE YOU KIDDING ME!!!!! I’m sorry Ahmaud (Rest In Paradise) and my prayers and blessings sent to the..” [Tweet]. Twitter, May 6. Available at https://twitter.com/KingJames/status/1258156220969398272.

McWhorter, John. 2020. “Racist Police Violence Reconsidered.” Quillette, June 11 https://quillette.com/2020/06/11/racist-police-violence-reconsidered/.

Movement for Black Lives. Undated. “Vision for Black Lives.” M4BL. Available at https://m4bl.org/policy-platforms/.

Ontario Human Rights Commission. 2020. “A Disparate Impact: Second Interim Report on the Inquiry into Racial Profiling and Racial Discrimination of Black Persons by the Toronto Police Service.” Ontario Human Rights Commission, August 10. Available at http://www.ohrc.on.ca/en/disparate-impact- second-interim-report-inquiry-racial-profiling-and-racial-discrimination-black.

Peeters, Vivian E. 1983. “The Persistence Stereotypic Beliefs: A Cognitive View.” In: NA – Advances in Consumer Research, edited by Richard P. Bagozzi, and Alice M. Tybout. Ann Abor, MI: Association for Consumer Research. Available at https://www.acrwebsite.org/volumes/6160

Shjarback, John A., and Justin Nix. 2020. “Considering Violence Against Police by Citizen Race/Ethnicity to Contextualize Representation in Officer-InvolvedShootings.” Journal of Criminal Justice, 66: 101653. Available at https://doi. org/10.1016/j.jcrimjus.2019.101653

Singh, Inayat. 2020. “2020 Already a Particularly Deadly Year for People Killed in Police Encounters, CBC Research Shows.” CBC News, July 23. Available at https://newsinteractives.cbc.ca/fatalpoliceencounters/.

Streeter, Shea. 2019. “Lethal Force in Black and White: Assessing Racial Dis- parities in the Circumstances of Police Killings.” The Journal of Politics, 81, 3: 1124-1132. Available at https://doi.org/10.1086/703541.

The Washington Post. 2021. “Fatal Force.” The Washington Post, February 18. Available at https://www.washingtonpost.com/graphics/investigations/ police-shootings-database/.

Walcott,.Rianna. 2018..“How.the.Founder.of.Black.Lives.Mat- ter Started a Global Movement.” Dazed, April. Available at https://www.dazeddigital.com/politics/article/39587/1/ black-lives-matter-founder-interview-patrisse-khan-cullors?amp=1.

Wortley, Scot, Ayobami, Laniyonu, Erick Laming. 2020. “Use of Force by the Toronto Police Service Final Report.” Ontario Human Rights Commission, June. Available at http://www.ohrc.on.ca/sites/default/files/Use%20of%20force%20 by%20the%20Toronto%20Police%20Service%20Final%20report.pdf.


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