Measuring the risk of heart disease, diabetes in obese children

Type of cholesterol produced as food consumed a strong predictor of future health risk

University of Alberta researchers have found a new, more effective way to measure future heart disease and diabetes risk in youth. By testing the blood for remnant cholesterol (RC), made by the body during the day as food is consumed, researchers were able to show that this non-fasting type of cholesterol is a strong predictor…

Losing weight before knee surgery of little benefit

Researchers find no evidence that BMI is a good determinant of surgical outcomes for osteoarthritis

Losing weight before knee surgery of little benefitA new study shows that losing weight before knee replacement surgery doesn’t lead to better outcomes for patients. In a systematic review published in Joint Bone Spine, researchers in the University of Alberta's Faculty of Rehabilitation Medicine found that weight loss before surgery may not be beneficial for people with advanced knee osteoarthritis. Medical practitioners have long advised patients…

Caesarean birth, prolonged labour influence childhood health: study

U of A researchers identify specific bacteria linked with changes in gut microbiome of infants

Caesarean birth, prolonged labour influence childhood health: studyEvents at birth may affect the microbes living in a baby's gut during the first few months of life, leading to a higher risk of childhood obesity and allergies, according to a new study published in the journal Gastroenterology. The researchers used data from the CHILD Cohort Study (CHILD) to look at the complex relationships between birth events, a…

Obesity guidelines give new perspective on being overweight

Obesity guidelines give new perspective on being overweightPeople living with obesity have a powerful new tool to help them – and their doctors – better understand the condition, thanks to updated Canadian guidelines. The Canadian Adult Obesity Clinical Practice Guidelines view the condition through a new lens that doesn’t make stereotyped assumptions about being heavy, said project co-author Arya Sharma, past chair in obesity research and…

Obesity rates likely to rise during pandemic: study

Obesity rates likely to rise during pandemic: studyAs financial stress mounts, so does the desire for all kinds of foods, according to a study that hints the COVID-19 pandemic will increase obesity rates, especially among those who have lost their jobs. University of Alberta consumer psychology researcher Jim Swaffield and his co-researcher Qi Guo conducted an experiment with 564 participants to examine…

The obese may be environmentalists next shaming target

Public shaming may reach a new low by looking at how much we eat

The obese may be environmentalists next shaming targetMove over flight shaming: environmentalists may be getting ready to target a new group of individuals. Overeaters. Yes, overeating could potentially become the next shaming social media target. For months now, many have taken to social media to spread their concerns about choices made when travelling. The plane has been a special target of environmentalists,…

Our neighbourhoods strongly influence our health

The way our cities and towns have been built plays a large role in many of the health conditions that Canadians develop

Our neighbourhoods strongly influence our healthBy Kevin Lam McMaster University and Jean Wang Ottawa University Since John Snow mapped out the large cholera outbreak in 1854 to where people lived in London, it’s been known that where we live, work and play strongly influences people’s health. The way our cities and towns have been built plays a large role in many of the…

Diabetes may double risk of developing depression

Two of the primary risk factors for the disease are obesity and lack of exercise

Diabetes may double risk of developing depressionDiabetes is one of the leading health problems affecting North America today and is rapidly on the rise. It is also well known that this disease can cause serious health complications such as vision loss and amputation as well as life-threatening problems like stroke, heart disease and kidney failure. Indeed, diabetes, which affects the body’s…

We need to get children off the couch

It’s sad when adults choose to be inactive. It’s even sadder when we don’t provide our children the opportunity to establish physically-active lifestyles

We need to get children off the couchOur children have never been more sedentary. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, in 2016, only 21.6 per cent of children and adolescents in the United States aged six to 19 met the recommended 60 or more minutes of moderate-to-vigorous activity at least five times a week. It’s a safe bet that…

Deeply flawed soda tax rife with unintended consequences

Evidence in other countries shows that consumption taxes don't address the root targets in meaningful ways

Deeply flawed soda tax rife with unintended consequencesBy Ashley Stedman and Jake Fuss The Fraser Institute Policy-makers and pundits have mused recently about a tax on sugar-sweetened beverages to fight obesity and other-health related issues in Canada. It’s a bad idea that should be abandoned. According to Mark Holland, Liberal MP for Ajax, Ont., a ‘soda tax’ will “push consumers away from…
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